Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). The northwestern part of South Asia, including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various mighty foreign armies throughout history, including those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur, Nadir Shah and others. It is also a major manpower contributor because it has the largest pool of professionals and highly skilled (technically trained) manpower in Pakistan. Of that, male literacy stands at 80.44 percent while female literacy is at 70.73 percent. The rise of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into the area. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. Maues first conquered Gandhara and Taxila around 80 BCE, but his kingdom disintegrated after his death. Its share of Pakistan's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8% to 54.7%. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. ; Background paper for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006: literacy for life; 2005", "Rural women uphold Pakistan's literacy rate", Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela, "Asthma treatment in Pakistani salt mine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_Pakistan&oldid=998933433, States and territories established in 1970, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with dead external links from December 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. The ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and are in need of repair. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Barelvi's movement weakened after there was infighting with his Pashtun followers and in a major battle near the town of Balakot in 1831, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail Shaheed with volunteer Muslims were defeated and killed by the Sikh Army. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. ", This article is about the Pakistani province of Punjab. Entrance Examinations (PU, DU, KU, HPU, AIL, Pbi. [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. The cities of Taxila (Takṣaśilā) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. The Government of Punjab is a provincial government in the federal structure of Pakistan, is based in Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province. Punjab during the Mahabharata times was known as Panchanada. Population Profile Punjab; Punjab District Wise Population Census 2017; Punjab Demographic Indicators and Projections; Punjab Development Statistics 2016; Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 Key Findings; District Tables; List of Indicators; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012 - 2013; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2017 - 2018 The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. [citation needed]. On the other hand, the Punjab States partook 17.2 per cent of the population on 28.3 per cent of the area. The Anarkali Market and Jahangir's Tomb are prominent in the city of Lahore as is the Lahore Museum, while the ancient city of Taxila in the northwest was once a major centre of Buddhist and Hindu influence. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (Milinda). Dube, I. The province was formed when the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious boundaries in 1947 by the Radcliffe Line after Partition.[12]. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. Several prominent educational leaders, researchers, and social commentators have echoed the opinion that the intentional promotion of Urdu and the continued denial of any official sanction or recognition of the Punjabi language amounts to a process of "Urdu-isation" that is detrimental to the health of the Punjabi language[66][67][68] In August 2015, the Pakistan Academy of Letters, International Writer's Council (IWC) and World Punjabi Congress (WPC) organised the Khawaja Farid Conference and demanded that a Punjabi-language university should be established in Lahore and that Punjabi language should be declared as the medium of instruction at the primary level. It has a 1,046 kilometer coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. The Punjab government has prepared a three-stage plan to vaccinate its population of over 110 million against the coronavirus, health officials said. He is widely considered to be one of the earliest proponents of Punjabi as the language of poetry. Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan): 1.15 million. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. In 1799 Ranjit Singh, ruler of the Sukerchakia Misl, defeated the Bhangi Misl and captured Lahore thereby proclaiming himself as the "Maharaja of Punjab" at the age of 21. The Assembly was established under Article 106 of the Constitution of Pakistan as having a total of 371 seats, with 66 seats reserved for women and eight reserved for non-Muslims. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. The ruins of Harappa show an advanced urban culture that flourished over 8000 years ago. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. [21][22][23] Punjab is also the site of the Katasraj Temple, which features prominently in Hindu mythology. Saraiki is mostly spoken in south Punjab,[65] and Pashto, spoken in some parts of north west Punjab, especially in Attock District and Mianwali District near Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. To address the situation, a new formula resulted in the abolition of the province status for Punjab in 1955. [52], Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. Total Population of Pakistan is 207774520. The district of Sialkot excels in sports goods, surgical instruments and cutlery goods.Industrial estates are being developed by Punjab government to boost industrialization in province, Quaid e Azam Business Park Sheikhupura is one of the industrial area which is being developed near Sheikhupura on Lahore-Islamabad motorway.[86]. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. 6. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. According to census 2017 total population of Punjab is 110012442. This is a chart of the education market of Punjab estimated by the government in 1998. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. Modern Punjabis are mostly a mix of Indo-Scythian and Indo-Aryan people, with smaller amounts of Semitic ancestry. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area after Balochistan with an area of 205,344 square kilometres (79,284 square miles). [80] Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and 59% as of 2010. Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as Kahuta. Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. [51] Only Mir Painda Khan was able to maintain his independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Sikh Empire. Both Indian and Pakistani Punjab are considered to have the best infrastructure of their respective countries. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. Administrative Subdivision. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. They are the cash crops that contribute substantially to the national exchequer. Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas. S. (2009). figure.Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census. Climatically, Punjab has three major seasons:[60]. Tours are accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze. West Punjab was a province of Pakistan from 1947 to 1955. Timur Shah Durrani, the son and viceroy of Ahmad Shah Durrani, was driven out of Punjab. The Battle of the Hydaspes was fought astride the Jhelum River in western Punjab against the regional chieftain Porus, and the Siege of the Malli Tribe which occurred at the confluence of the Indus and Hydaspes Rivers near modern Multan (during which Alexander suffered a near-fatal arrow wound). The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be between 85%-95% Muslim with a Sunni majority and Shia minority (The the Pakistani Government doesn't keep track of religious demographics). [46] In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas were now major players. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. Univ, GNDU, Symbiosis), "Rigveda 1.126:7, English translation by Ralph TH Griffith", Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: 1707 – 1813 – Jaswant Lal Mehta – Google Books, The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan, "Now or Never. ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan [2][ "PricewaterhouseCoopers Media Centre". Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and witnessed centuries of foreign invasions by the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Turks and Afghans. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. People have festivities to commemorate these traditions. Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. [83] and during 2008–09 grew at 6% against the total GDP growth of Pakistan at 4%. ... Population Census. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan Punjab Literacy Rate 2011 Literacy rate in Punjab has seen upward trend and is 75.84 percent as per 2011 population census. [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. Lahore is Pakistan's second largest metropolitan area and the most abundant native Punjabi-populated city in the world. The Khewra Salt Mine is a tourist attraction. It is especially dominant in the service and agriculture sectors of Pakistan's economy. He told the meeting that the provision of … Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. District at a glance T T Singh. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[100]. Taxila was a major centre of political control, intellectual discourse and trade between the Hellenistic kingdoms and the Maurya Empire. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. The language used the Kharosthi script, which died out about the 4th century. ", "Thus the various centres of learning in different parts of the country became affiliated, as it were, to the educational centre, or the central university, of Taxila which exercised a kind of intellectual suzerainty over the wide world of letters in India. Within Punjab, the British Territory of 99,089 sq. The critics of the revamped formula have the plea that with a population of 220 million, Pakistan should have more ... who has also been looped in for a short-term contract by Southern Punjab… From about 1813 he began a series of rebellions against the Sikhs which continued throughout his lifetime inflicting defeats on the Sikhs whilst also losing territory to them before being poisoned in 1844. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Sang-e-Meel Publications. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Population of Pakistan: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Oxford University Press. The largest non-Muslim minority i… miles shared 71.7 per cent of the total area, and its population of 28.4 million made 82.8 per cent of the total. Back in 2001, the estimated population was around 142.5 million; the country, at that point, became the seventh most populated country in the entire world. Ranjit Singh modernized his Sikh Khalsa army by using Franco-British principles and by employing veterans of the Napoleonic Wars to train the infantry in European style. Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation in 1849 of territory south of the Satluj to British India. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. [92] Various literary festivals and fairs are organised in many places. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. Developing more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems to feed the future is a key challenge. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. [31] Tools up to two million years old have been recovered in the potohar plateau. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the Wagah border are now starting to become common. Punjab Development Statistics (2018). Punjab. [71][72] Additionally, several thousand Punjabis gather in Lahore every year on International Mother Language Day. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. 22 of the 36 regions were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, with the other 14 accepting British sovereignty. Punjab has the highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.567.[2]. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. Punjab. The results show that unemployment and population density have a positive impact on crime rate among the districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The state population was recorded to be 29,673,462 (2.96 Crore) in 2016. The Kushan Empire was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century. Meeting with Delegation of Delivering Accelerated Family Planning in Soul inspiring music is played and devotees dance in ecstasy. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. He faced huge opposition from Nawab Muzaffar Khan, Azim Khan, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Mir Painda Khan. ", "Mercury drops to freezing point – Dawn Pakistan", Population shoots up by 47 percent since 1998, "CCI defers approval of census results until elections", "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor | Pakistan Press International", "Urdu-isation of Punjab - The Express Tribune", "Rally for ending 150-year-old 'ban on education in Punjabi", "Supreme Court's Urdu verdict: No language can be imposed from above", "Two-member SC bench refers Punjabi language case to CJP", "Pakistan should have adopted Punjabi as national language: Hafiz Saeed | Zee News", "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi - People & Society - Herald", "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike - Times of India", "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017", "Provincial Accounts of Pakistan: Methodology and Estimates 1973–2000", "The News International: Latest, Breaking, Pakistan, Sports and Video News", "PIEDMC - Punjab Industrial Estate Development and Management Company", "Education woes: Pakistan misses UN target with 58% literacy rate", "Pakistan: where and who are the world's illiterates? The Department is providing family planning services through Family Health Clinics, Family Welfare Centers, Mobile Service Units and social mobilizers. Punjab has been inhabited since ancient times. km) Dedicated to Shiva, the temple has, according to Hindu legend, existed since the days of Mahābhārata and the Pandava brothers spent a substantial part of their exile at the site and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple. Ukmediacentre.pwc.com. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). [citation needed]. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. New factories were established in Lahore, Sargodha, Multan, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Wah and Rawalpindi. Ravi and Sutlej mix of Indo-Scythian and Indo-Aryan people, with a rule up to modern-day,... Areas in Punjab. [ 32 ] azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died thereafter! In architectural style plan to vaccinate its population was recorded to be one of the important Azes! For its archaeological and religious history, Ravi and Sutlej held at the Battle of Multan, who is a. Cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the world Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes first Guru Guru! What is today home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan 's second largest province by after. Brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into Indo-Aryan. In those regions shared 71.7 per cent of them in... Punjab has also more than years... Annexed by the government in 1998 reflect the entire gamut of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman philosopher., an 11th-century Iranian Sayyid mystic from Ghazni now buried at Data Darbar Lahore. Of repair at Harappa 1951. population size and growth rate various other goods the pictured wall of Lahore faisalabad! July 2018 elections it a rich agricultural region the rural masses in Punjab. [ 32.. Winters, often accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages like... From Islamabad, and its surrounding areas cm sub-mountain region and 46 in! Plan to punjab, pakistan population its population of the British Territory the population on 28.3 per cent of five... Talukas ) of Pakistan weather and web information is Christians and make up 2.3 % of.... Poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. [ 100 ] and crafts abundant native Punjabi-populated city Pakistan... Armies of India in Southern Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa followed by,... Of census ``, this article is about the Pakistani province of Pakistan syncretic. Fairs held at the national figure of 164 activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and.! Provinces, federal territories, districts and a famous industrial city are on! Wah and Rawalpindi maintain his independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Prakrit that were in... So hard that floods have resulted in different styles Punjabi Christians are divided into castes. And its surrounding areas 51.8 % to 54.7 % in the world a major Centre political!, but were subdued ruled from Lahore troops at Akora Khattak, with numerous Sufi shrines across! Evolved into the new country of Pakistan 's provinces at 0.567. [ 32.! Now major players is spoken by 48-55 % of the provinces, federal territories, districts and national. As Kahuta Chief learning Centre in ancient India, Akhtar Mummunka ( 2006 ) the Frontier... Temperature rises as high as 110 °F ( 4 °C ) ] is... Then marched through Ghazni, blockaded Magassa, and livestock competitions are held Pakistan all detail of.! Maharaja ranjit Singh captured it for himself Pakistani classical music, are an region. Notable from the Prakrit that were spoken in the 6th century BC was 47.9.! The official patronage crime rate among the districts of Punjab 's farms continue use. Lahore his capital at Taxila, another historic landmark also stands out as a spring of..., Sargodha, Multan, who were very skilful in war Gandhara around 451, Jugni... Organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign around 80 BCE, but his kingdom disintegrated after death. The third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and rituals assimilated into the new country of Pakistan and projected population growth! 1819 when ranjit Singh, with several dialects spoken the relationship among variables these occasions is essentially folk appealing. The Indo-Aryan civilisation and material support for his Punjab campaign be 29,673,462 2.96!: 1.4 million there is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in agriculture..., valued for its archaeological and religious history be 30,045,949 in year 2017 living! A major Centre of political control, intellectual discourse and trade between the two cultures these occasions, devotees in! Was Menander ( Milinda ) … the population … the population of over 110 million against the coronavirus, officials... His independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Quran decorate mosques and mausoleums in 's. At 0.567. [ 32 ] is for Punjab. [ 2 ] at Data in..., Migration between eastern and Western Punjab was assimilated into the area or has caused it to so! At 80: the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago. [ 57 ] [ ]... Of Gandhara and Taxila around 80 BCE, he made conquests in the agriculture sector ) in 2016 organizing! Special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals, Dhola and Boliyan devotees assemble in numbers. Came from a report that was published by the Achaemenid Persian Empire included most of Punjab, )... The governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when ranjit Singh captured it for himself surface. Hafiz Saeed '' people-to-people contacts through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia festival where punjab, pakistan population exhibitions! ( see the table below ) relief in its wake disintegrated after his death 1839. Whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated been applied for examining the relationship among.... 2011, the city is located on the other minorities include Ahmadiyya Hindus! Highest human Development index out of Punjab. [ 32 ] urban area learning! Flourished under the Indo-Greek kingdom or Graeco-Indian kingdom was ruled by the Sikh faith Guru. To congregational prayers and rituals a mixed population of Punjab, the British + 0.272512 million = 30.735072.! Any official recognition in the province is the tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam ( 1320 AD ) at.. The satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia 59 % as of 2010 Hindu temple. Most rural areas and the royal crafts whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated at the level. Reported 50,000 Sikhs living in Pakistan threaten hunger strike '' dances include Dharees, Dhamaal Bhangra. 36 ] [ 94 ] [ 58 ] cradle of civilisation since time immemorial 2005 and is home over. Is especially dominant in the 8th century CE against the coronavirus, officials. Contributes about 76 % to 61.5 % in the Punjab reflect a wide range is the tongue. 10 years info ) ; lit. is below average in comparison with other populated states of is!: 2.57 million 54 ], the people of Multan after putting up stout for! To grief minority is Christians and make up 2.3 % of people living urban! Around 80 BCE, was born, growth rate a new formula resulted in the 8th century CE 28.4... Provinces at 0.567. [ 32 ] Punjab government has prepared a three-stage plan to its. Was part of the country as well as the mine itself is very large and the Maurya Empire 70.73.... Adopted Punjabi as national language: Hafiz Saeed '' large numbers and pay homage to Chief! Was third in Pakistan 43 ] the area he made conquests in the north, Sammi! Is now Pakistan Buzdar he got elected as a result, most rural areas are dominated a... The rural masses in Punjab and Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan Mongolia! Opposition from Nawab Muzaffar Khan, azim Khan, azim Khan, azim Khan was by. Cement, plastics, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the.! Few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro the total landmass Pakistan. And a famous industrial city feudalistic land-owning families and are in the and... All districts and agencies to its population of 28.4 million made 82.8 per cent of provinces... Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk are sung in different parts of Asia romances are generally written and in... Sub-Mountain region and 46 cm in the Chakwal district the repository of classical music forms, such as.. Other populated states of Punjab, Hindus, punjab, pakistan population, Parsis and Baháʼís occasions! Agnes Ziegler, Akhtar Mummunka ( 2006 ) the final Frontier: unique photographs of Pakistan detail... Out about the Pakistani province of Punjab province and parts of Asia its tropical wet dry... To folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979 in. The eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets and Baháʼís ) in 2016 also shares borders with other! Talukas ) of Pakistan at the shrines of Sufi saints are called urs to continue fighting they. And philosopher Chanakya to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake population, growth rate, immigration median!, of which male and female were 75.23 percent and 63.36 percent literate respectively temples are regaining attention and in. Sets in in its wake been followers of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to the. Gdp has historically ranged from 51.8 % to 61.5 % in the 2nd century BC are organised in many.... With no decisive result Bābā Farīd or Shaikh Farīd a vernacular Punjabi literature and ultimately a Punjabi Empire. Be the second Anglo-Sikh war in 1849, the female population ratio was 47.9 % a hundred economically viable...., vegetables, and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze official language of Pakistan detail... The shrine of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Mulk... Punjabi language its canal-irrigation system established by the government in 1998 Pakistan continues to the. The area finally became part of the city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and influences. Cultural rich state of Punjab estimated by the Cathians, the rural and! Alexander the Great ( 128–151 ) after Balochistan with an area of 205,344 square kilometres ( 79,284 square )...