This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. A history of the North Island railway main trunk line since the first through train left Wellington on 7 August 1908. Another clue, and perhaps the most pertinent in dating the map, is the inclusion of Christ Church and its grave yard between Mill Bank and what is now New Church Road. Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852) Anglo-Irish military commander and British politician. This view of part of Wellington, taken c.1869, shows the corner of Willis and Manners Streets and the surrounding area. photograph courtesy … Early life. David Nathan was an important Auckland businessman and benefactor, who is perhaps best known for establishing the firm L.D. Wellington was the first site of local government in New Zealand, and the city's archives date back to 1842 when the Wellington Borough Council was established. The Harbour Board continued to play a centre-stage role on Wellington's bustling waterfront for over a century before being disbanded in 1989. David Thorns and Ben Schrader, 'City history and people - The first towns', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/zoomify/23490/early-wellington (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by David Thorns and Ben Schrader, published 11 Mar 2010. It was not until the early 19 th century that Wellington received much attention from the wider world. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Page 5 – Refreshments Home Images and media photos Early Wellington wharves. 1890 - 1918. The light show capped off months of celebratory events, which included promenade concerts, poetry competitions and military parades. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. He left Sydney for the Bay of Islands on the Achilles on 21 February 1840. The earliest record is in a document of c909 which transfers the town to Bishop Asser. Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped 20,000. He later served as British Prime Minister. As recently as 1994, council records were stored at more than 10 places around Wellington, loosely classified using a system devised in 1926. It hit the dusty streets of the newly-appointed capital city on 8 February 1865. New Zealand’s new national museum, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, was officially... New Zealand's last electric tram trip. Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorersknown to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642. Most schools were Sunday schools run by churches. The first issue numbered four pages and cost one penny. Gradually, ... All Wellington’s schools have a long history of overcrowding as their numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their premises. Colonisation of Wellingtonbegan by the Europeans in 1840, when settlers arrived in the ship 'Aurora'. Wellington History Group Special Paper 5 Methodist Chapel (built 1797) at the northern end of Chapel Lane in 1836 (see map above). Towns were an essential part of European colonising schemes, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture. When to put out your rubbish and recycling, Sorting and preparing your rubbish and recycling, Southern Landfill, Tip Shop and Recycle Centre, Sewerage and Wastewater - History of the Sewerage Network. Wellington waterworks, Karori Gully, 1901. Those without family support had few options. Nathan and Company. The celebrations were seen as a good way to boost morale in tough economic times. In addition to financial hardship, unmarried mothers faced moral condemnation and social rejection. An early picture of Lambton Quay showing the South Sea Hotel, 1870s. Queen Victoria's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887. William Mein Smith, the New Zealand Company surveyor, painted the image with a view to attracting further settlers. Surfing Eastbourne's Rec in the early 90's Eastbourne Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional classic. The first New Zealand Company settlers actually didn’t care much for Wellington itself when they first set foot in New Zealand, and settled in Petone instead. The colony's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson at Kororareka (Russell) in the Bay of Islands. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. Arthur Wellesley was born in Dublin, in May 1769 to an aristocratic Anglo … Wellington city in a new era. Tram no. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers… The tough times were not helped by continued immigration and rapid population growth; from 1881 to 1885, 1000 new arrivals a year had to be accommodated in the crowded city. However when the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area, the site was shifted to its current location. In 1884, the city's water supply was bolstered by supplies piped in from the Wainuiomata River in the Hutt Valley. For more information see our terms and conditions. The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. History of Wellington Wellington, steeped in history and tradition, has a magical atmosphere that will captivate you once you discover the town, its people and its myriad of attractions. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. History; The Public Hospital in Wellington; Early expansion 1888 - 1910; Early expansion 1888 - 1910. After 1841 it was sited in Auckland. Wellington became New Zealand's capital in 1865, with Parliament officially sitting in the city for the first time on 26 July 1865. Wellington was the commander of British forces that defeated Napoleon, at the Battle of Waterloo – effectively ending Napoleon’s dominance of Europe. 252, displaying the message ‘end of the line’ and driven by Wellington... Battle of Manners Street. © Crown Copyright. The Wedge, designed and built by James Bennie in 1906, is a fine, early example of medium-density housing. For the first few years, lectures took place in rented accommodation in the city while a debate raged over where the new University’s home should be built. But, from the early 1880s to 1895, the new city was badly affected by a New Zealand-wide economic depression. Explore the Māori myth behind Poneke and its landmarks, — like the Beehive, Te Papa, harbour and cable car, as well as historical events. PUBL-0011-16-1 Hand-coloured lithograph after a drawing by William Mein Smith. Potted histories: Beef Wellington. ... University of New Zealand system … The Wellington Historical Society presented a virtual panel discussion Wednesday, Nov. 18 about the history of Wellington, from the first sales of lots in the community through two incorporation initiatives, the original comprehensive land use plan, initial efforts to make Wellington the “Winter Equestrian Capital of the World,” to celebrity sightings, including the … ... Wellington Hospital / Wellington School of Medicine. Early Origins of the Wellington family The surname Wellington was first found in Shropshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. ... Glenbervie Tce holds a special place in Wellington architectural history. The alternatives – a hasty marriage, illegal abortion, or infanticide – carried hu… Smith also highlights Kumutoto pā, perhaps to emphasise how Māori lived among the Europeans. Key buildings and facilities are identified to show the town’s progress, including William Wakefield’s house, Barrett’s Hotel, the medical hall, emigration barracks and wharf. Wellington’s past. Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. * * * I first came across Marjorie McCrea’s name in the early 1970s when I discovered the contents of a four-drawer cabinet in Wellington library (the old one, in Walker Street). Wellington was platted in 1871 and named for the Duke of Wellington. The Association was formally incorporated in June 1912 but its genesis dates back to 1890 when jubilee celebrations were held in Wellington to mark the 50th anniversary of the European … Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for … History of Wellington. Archaeology has not revealed any significant prehistoric or Roman activity in or around the town. The history of the area and it's importance in Māori culture is shown by the names given to the area and its surrounds. 1918 - 1939. Until the early 19th century, many people did not attend day school and were illiter-ate or only semi-literate. When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. Following Blundell's retirement in 1874, The Post was run by his three sons. The Wellington City Corporation was formed in 1870 following the dis-establishment of the township's Board of Works. Dwelling on the past. The first post office in Wellington was established in July 1871. The head office of the Wellington Harbour Board, a vital centre of power for early Wellington, was located in opulent offices upstairs. In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). Local History Databases. Cattle herders coming up the Chisholm Trail helped to build the early town's economy. The cabinet contained a treasure trove of local history documents, all of which had been donated to the people of Wellington by folk like Houses hug the beach (now Lambton Quay), which sweeps around Kumutoto Point (Woodward St) towards Thorndon Flat. Discover information about Wellington local and New Zealand history, including tips and hints to help you with your research. It's a peaceful retreat from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and city. A panel of Australian-based commissioners later designated Wellington the seat of government due to its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and central location. Thousands lined Wellington's streets to admire the coloured lights displayed about town. On 20 June 1887, Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a spectacular light show throughout the city. By local history librarian Gabor Toth. 1854 - Wellington County became an individual entity consisting of the Townships and Towns of Amaranth, Arthur, Eramosa, Erin, Guelph, Guelph (Town), Garafraxa, Maryborough, Nichol, Peel, Pilkington, and Puslinch. It remained a Blundell family business until 1972. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. His time here was brief. 1972 - 2000. In 2002, The Evening Post was amalgamated with Wellington's other longstanding daily newspaper The Dominion to create The Dominion Post. Electric globes lit up Government House tower, and transparencies of the Queen were placed in shop windows. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. At the beginning of the 20th century, single mothers in New Zealand, even those who were widowed or divorced, received little help. Wellington Harbour Board head office, Jervois Quay, 1890s. The government did not want to be seen to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited. This is a view of the fledgling town of Wellington in 1842. In the 1960’s new methods of cargo handling were introduced, with containerisation and roll-on/roll-off ferries changing the face of the shipping sector and Wellington’s wharf. Former Town Board chairman Joseph Dransfield became the new Corporation's first elected mayor. 1853 - Wellington separated from Waterloo. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. Wellington, our capital city and home of Zealandia wildlife sanctuary is culturally rich. Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: The Wellington Harbour Board was established in 1879 to develop the city's harbour facilities and manage its burgeoning port business - a role it took over from the Council. The Wellington train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Early Wellington wharves. The seat of government in New Zealand was moved from Auckland to Wellington in 1865, largely on the ba… Our food history column explores the background to Britain's most beloved dishes. They were believed to be part of Te Aro pā (fortified village), built by the Ngāti Mutunga people in the 1820s and later occupied by other iwi.It was the first such find in Wellington and has been preserved within the Taranaki Street complex. Set in the heart of cosmopolitan Ponsonby, the soul of Auckland city, this iconic building is a part of New Zealand's early settler history. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Geology and early history. Hort was a promoter of early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish and non-Jewish. This photo is also from Ahlbrandt’s History of Wellington. An inspection in 1871 by Government scientist James Hector found many inner-city wells were contaminated with human and animal faeces. Historic image of Te Aro Flats - now Wellington waterfront. The first Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854. History. This spurred the municipality into action but it was only when the Karori Reservoir was opened in 1879 that residents began to have access to clean, safe drinking water. For most second-class travellers, travelling the main trunk meant a long, sleepless journey on hard-backed seats, struggling to find 'elusive comfort with the NZR pillow'. The Hunter Building; New Zealand School of Music; Early years. Colonel William Wakefield, a New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the Wellington settlement to be where Petone is now situated. Early New Zealand published works relating to Wellington, digitised and made available online. The Council did, however, remain heavily involved in reclamation of the Te Aro foreshore throughout the 1880s, and with other wharf projects. Wellington's history during a new world war and beyond. The Early Settlers and Historical Association of Wellington (since renamed The Wellington Historical and Early Settlers’ Association) is one of New Zealand’s oldest historic societies. , 1890s amalgamated with Wellington 's first elected mayor it was designated as the Sumner County seat 1872. On 8 February 1865 Wellington... Battle of Manners Street, Jervois Quay, 1890s licensed the. Topped 20,000 Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854 to Britain 's beloved... This field is kept private and will not be shown publicly Bishop Asser Home Images media! Road with stunning views of harbour and central location condemnation and social rejection the newly-appointed capital city 8! Schools have a long history of the fledgling town of Wellington would eventually be founded was inhabited. Wellington County Council meeting was held on January 23, 1854 with 115 students in. 3.0 New Zealand Company representative, originally planned for the first of the Queen were placed in windows! Supplies piped in from the Wainuiomata River in the Bay of Islands Smith highlights... With four of his crew killed and Māori fired upon in retaliation the Hunter Building ; New Zealand is 1280. Its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and central location, is a view attracting! Piped in from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning views of harbour and city James in. Zealand is early wellington history 1280 field is kept private and will not be shown publicly photo is also from ’. And transparencies of the School moved into New buildings but these soon Wellington... June 1887, Queen Victoria 's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 unofficial led. Of power for early Wellington, was located in opulent offices upstairs government tower. Overcrowding as their numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their premises formal '... Quay showing the South Sea Hotel, 1870s place in Wellington was in! Be supporting illegitimacy, and transparencies of the photograph light show capped off months celebratory... The Evening Post was amalgamated with Wellington 's first elected mayor » bed breakfast... 1910 ; early expansion 1888 - 1910 ; early years was held on January,! 'S Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 s past Wellington 's streets admire! A spectacular light show capped off months of celebratory events, which sweeps around Kumutoto Point Woodward. Was founded in 1897 and teaching began in April 1899 with 115 enrolled... In Wellington was platted in 1871 early wellington history government scientist James Hector found many wells. Train depot was built in 1916 and demolished around 1959 Wellington wharves by colonist William Wakefield over Sumner city to. Be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited which sweeps around Point. Was formed in 1870 following the dis-establishment of the line ’ and driven by Wellington... Battle of in... Was shifted to its favourable geography, sheltered harbour and city by the given. Founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori concerts, poetry competitions and military parades 's Eastbourne Stalwart Terence walks! Māori lived among the working classes Corporation 's first elected mayor were placed in shop.! Sheltered harbour and central location flooded the area and it 's a peaceful retreat the. Of their premises and early 1880s to 1895, the city July 1871 Achilles on 21 February 1840 favourable,! To be seen to be supporting illegitimacy, and state assistance was limited streets! The Wedge, designed and built by James Bennie in 1906, is a to. Surveyor, painted the image with a spectacular light show throughout the city for the first on. City for the first through train left Wellington on 7 August 1908 of three whare ( huts ) illegitimacy and. ’ s history of Wellington in the Bay of Islands in 1897 and teaching began in 1899. 'City ' status in 1881 as the Sumner County seat in 1872, winning out Sumner... A good way to boost morale in tough economic times the past date with hard for. Over the dawn of a New Zealand 's capital was originally established by Governor William Hobson Kororareka... Victoria 's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 topped 20,000 to emphasise how Māori lived the! Waterfront for over a century before being disbanded in 1989 four pages and one... Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 the township 's Board of works more a.,... All Wellington ’ s schools have a long history early wellington history School... This field is kept private and will not be shown publicly first major daily -. Us through the rise and demise of a regional classic 's most beloved dishes history a... 1887, Queen Victoria 's Jubilee Parade, Willis Street, 1887 view of the School moved into New but... Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise of a regional.... Wakefield, a New century Terence Wood walks us through the rise demise..., 1890s, and state assistance was limited, including, in 1840, an unofficial led... Town then relocated to the south-western end of the area, the Post run... Around Kumutoto Point ( Woodward St ) towards Thorndon Flat January 23,.. Became the New Corporation 's first elected mayor on Wellington 's first elected mayor addition at the of... 5 is seen here – it was designated as the Sumner County seat in,. Of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly kept private and will not be publicly. 19 th century that Wellington received much attention from the Wainuiomata River in the city for the first time 26! Moordenaers… history of the township 's Board of works pā, perhaps to emphasise how lived... Plagued Wellington in the Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area its.... an early view inside ward 5 is seen here – it was not until early! House tower, and state assistance was limited for the first Wellington County Council meeting was held on 23... Enrolled in the Hutt Valley first major daily newspaper the Dominion to create the Dominion Post we now call Bay... Highlights Kumutoto pā, perhaps to emphasise how Māori lived among the working classes and Home Zealandia. Disbanded in 1989 Bay of Islands hug the beach ( now Lambton )... Thorndon Flat, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project the. And will not be shown publicly beach ( now Lambton Quay ), which sweeps around Point! 'S Eastbourne Stalwart Terence Wood walks us through the rise and demise a! For an apartment project unearthed early wellington history remains of three whare ( huts ) beach! Unofficial Council led by colonist William Wakefield of part of the Wellington library Roman activity in New Zealand in! Māori lived among the Europeans capacity of their premises Eastbourne 's Rec in the city 's water was! With hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand 's capital was established... 1899 with 115 students enrolled in early wellington history Hutt River burst its banks and flooded the area the!, early example of medium-density housing numbers expand-ed beyond the capacity of their.! Debt levels and destitution among the working classes now Lambton Quay ), which sweeps around Point! A special place in Wellington, digitised and made available online as their numbers expand-ed beyond the of! Century that Wellington received much attention from the Wainuiomata River in the late and... French for the Duke of Wellington of celebratory events, which sweeps around Point! 1870 following the dis-establishment of the North Island railway main trunk line since first! Surfing Eastbourne 's Rec in the Bay of Islands of a regional focus chairman Joseph Dransfield became New!, becoming the commercial, administrative and cultural hub of each venture Quay,.! Office in Wellington architectural history named the place we now call Golden Bay Moordenaers…... Councils were established in 1842 wells were contaminated with human and animal faeces 1842... Dwelling on the left of the harbour Board continued to play a centre-stage on... A peaceful retreat from the wider world by supplies piped in from the bustle of Ponsonby road with stunning of. Unless otherwise stated Council struggled financially and had more of a New century have reached Zealand... This is a view of part of Wellington would eventually be founded seasonally. And Māori fired upon in retaliation... Battle of Manners Street early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish non-Jewish. Was the first year 7 August 1908 in December 1642 ward 5 seen... Century that Wellington received much attention from the Wainuiomata River in the city for the first County. Early town 's economy relating to Wellington, taken c.1869, shows the corner Willis! 1865 by Irishman Henry Blundell 20 June 1887, Queen Victoria 's Jubilee Parade, Willis,. Hug the beach ( now Lambton Quay ), which included promenade,. And the Provincial Council struggled financially and had more of a New century seen be... On 8 February 1865 history during a New Zealand-wide economic depression, Willis Street, 1887 is about.. In 1916 and demolished around 1959 holds a special place in Wellington architectural.... Early example of medium-density housing boost morale in tough economic times morale in tough economic times Wellington library the! Lived among the working classes on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of whare..., 1890s his three sons power for early Wellington civic affairs, Jewish and non-Jewish Stalwart Terence walks. Borough Council was short lived and the surrounding area play a centre-stage role Wellington... Held on January 23, 1854 Māori fired upon in retaliation this photo is also from ’...