The U.S. Senate, together with the U.S. House of Representatives, makes up the U.S. Congress. The Senate conducts trials of those impeached by the House. There are sixteen standing committees in the Senate, and each position must be filled. Major Differences Between the Senate and the House Number of Members . president.C. Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress.Under Article One, Congress is a bicameral legislature consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate.Article One grants Congress various enumerated powers and the ability to pass laws "necessary and proper" to carry out â¦ A person must be twenty-five years old and a resident of the state he or she represents in order to run for a seat in the House. Women of the Senate. Because the Senate is much smaller than the House, senators hold more committee assignments than House members. Hawaii House of Representatives: December 26, 2012: 2022: Honolulu: Mazie Hirono: Democratic November 3, 1947 (age 73) Lawyer U.S. House Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii Hawaii House of Representatives: January 3, 2013 2024: Honolulu: Idaho: Mike Crapo: Republican May 20, 1951 (age 69) Lawyer U.S. House Idaho Senate: January 3, 1999 2022 Senate Stories. The Senate holds certain unique powers and obligations. To keep them responsive to the people, House members face reelection every two years, and the entire body is elected at the same time. In the beginning, the House of Representatives was the only body in the Congress that was elected. To become the member of the US House of representatives, a person requires to be at least 25 years old at the time of the election and have lived â¦ It essentially represented what is it that people want, even before the President, let alone the Senate. The House has â¦ 20. Every state in the United States of America sends its representatives to the House. House of Representatives.D. The US House of representatives have different qualification criteria than the Senate. The Senate The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere. All the US states have representatives at the House with the most populous states having more representatives than the least populated ones; for example, California has fifty-two representatives while Vermont and Alaska have one representative each. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Chapter 5, section 1 (The Senate & House of Representatives). Supreme Court.B. To commemorate the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, and recognize the service of the first female senator in 1922, learn about the Women of the Senate. Its makeup is different too: two senators represent each state, and senators serve staggered six-year terms. Senate. The governmental body responsible for interpreting the Constitution is the A.